2. Spiritual and female androgyny
The androgyne, favourite of the Fin de siècle
Strangely, this society worshipped the androgynous figure. The fusion of masculine and feminine souls was fantasised, feminine beauty was supported by masculine canons, while the effeminate ephebe embodied masculine beauty.
4. Queer theory and queer art
The repression: Simeon Solomon, Oscar Wilde and Aubrey Beardsley
The first queer theories were published, and we saw the first comings out. Yet Simeon Solomon and Oscar Wilde, -reworked by the talented Aubrey Beardsley-, were ostracised by those who admired them: a pathetic contradiction of a Victorian society that worshipped ephebes but executed its most talented inverts.
Readings Shearer West, Fin de Siècle, Overlook press, 1994 Elaine Showalter, Sexual Anarchy: Gender and Culture at the Fin de Siècle, Viking, 1990